The common rodent species found in Australia:
- Norway Rat
- Roof Rat
- House Mouse
- Rodents in a home or business are a serious pest problem, even if they are not in your living or dining areas. Any rodent problem should be treated immediately. Having them around is more than an inconvenience as they are unsanitary and their droppings have been implicated as potential asthma triggers in children. They are carriers of seventy known diseases and can prove extremely harmful to human health.
- Rodents can multiply quickly and will do significant damage to buildings and furniture through their gnawing activities. They can also contaminate food and other materials through the droppings they leave behind. Not only are rodents destructive, they have even been implicated in causing house fires after chewing through electrical cables.
- Rodents in the yard and outside can also present a tremendous risk to children and pets. They can also significantly undermine hill sides, retaining walls and other similar structures through their burrowing activity.
- Rodents tend to be very shy and cautious animals. When confronted with a new object in their environment, such as a trap, they will often avoid it for days until they are used to its presence in the area. Once they have found a proven safe route, they usually stick to it and travel the same pathways over and over. Rodents have poor eyesight, but they leave behind a strong pheromone odour telling them where to run. They secrete oil from their fur which leaves the scent behind, along with brown smudges. They also make use of urine markings.
Rodent control should be a priority in every home and business because of:
- Eating and contaminating stored food through either consumption or contamination with urine, faeces and hair.
- Physical damage caused by their gnawing habits to buildings, furniture, books, home insulation and electrical cables.
- Disease transmission through urine and faeces, scratching, biting and fleas. They transmit diseases such as bubonic plague, salmonella, typhus fever and trichinosis.
- Attracting snakes both venomous and constricting, which may then pose a danger to family members and pets.
Rodents are usually nocturnal and usually hide form humans, so the typical signs of a problem are:
- Scratching noises: normally heard in the roof, walls or under the floor as they scurry around.
- Droppings: they leave small, dark droppings particularly along walls, in cupboards or under sinks.
- Distinctive smell: they leave an ammonia-like smell that is particularly strong in enclosed areas like cupboards.
- Damage: they have teeth that grow continuously and gnaw on wood and plastic to keep them trim.
- Ripped food packaging: they will chew through and tear open the packaging of stored food products.
- Nests: they build nests in warm, hidden places using shredded materials such as newspaper and fabrics. Nests will often contain young rodents.
- Burrows: they dig burrows in gardens, compost heaps and under sheds.
The first line of defence against rodents is to seal any areas around the building where they can gain access. Even a small hole can quickly be chewed into a larger opening that allows them to gain entry.
The four main approaches for rodent control are:
- Sanitation - reducing the food, water and shelter availability for rodent activity.
- Proofing - seal any likely access points.
- Trapping - using traps to physically capture rodents.
- Chemical Control - techniques including baiting, tracking powders and gels are very effective in rodent control.
An experienced PEST–ZAP specialist is licensed and trained to rid your premises of unwanted rats and mice, with a knowledge of the control methods required to keep your home or business rodent free.
“the bug stops here” Tel: 0435 510 218